Anxiety arises under the influence of difficult and strong events in human life. For each of us it’s an individual matter and depends on what factor evokes unpleasant or traumatic memories. Symptoms of anxiety can hinder everyday life, close it to new sensations and experiences.
What are anxiety and how do they arise?
One of the most common reasons for adults to develop anxiety is the fear of implementing changes. Often, because of this, adults don’t change jobs they have hated or have been stuck for years without love. For fear of being robbed or an air accident a large number of people give up their dream vacation.
In the modern world, anxiety in people can come from the flow of information coming from various information channels (Internet, television and radio). Something like disinformation that has a negative impact on the human psyche develops then. Anxiety in children is most often associated with a Negative assessment of the toddler by parents or loved ones, loneliness and the presence of aggression and violence.
In as many as 20% of people who experience anxiety, somatic symptoms are also observed, including increased heart rate, tremor, excessive sweating, nausea and vomiting, dizziness and difficulty breathing. As it turns out, women are more susceptible to anxiety. This applies to the age group between 25 and 34 years of age. Anxiety may occur in the course of depression. They can also take the form of a phobia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic or post-traumatic syndrome.
Types of anxiety
- Phobias – the occurrence of phobias is a very individual matter. Virtually every person feels fear of something. Feeling of fear is completely natural. The situation is much more worrying when fear takes on the dimension of obsession and irrational fear. This may apply to any situation, event, thing or person.
- Panic disorder – in this case, there is a sudden panic attack in response to a specific stimulus or even the thought of it. People suffering from this type of anxiety experience severe stress and even horror that appears for a reason. This is often accompanied by somatic symptoms.
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder – in this type of anxiety, the patient repeats specific actions. This can take many forms. Very often it’s cleaning or washing your hands. This type of disorder takes over control of life, because all actions must be subordinated to specific anxiety. Both children and adults can suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder.
- Generalized anxiety disorder – the causes of generalized anxiety disorder are usually prolonged stress caused by overloading with home and work responsibilities, and personal problems. People struggling with this kind of fear live in constant tension and fear. They also have sleep problems, muscle tension and frequent headaches.
Treatment of anxiety
Both diagnosis and treatment of anxiety are not easy. When the first alarming symptoms appear, see a GP doctor. After collecting the medical history, doctor directs the patient to a specialist, most likely a psychologist, psychotherapist or psychiatrist (in advanced anxiety states).
A visit to a specialist usually involves the start of psychotherapy. In some cases, it’s necessary to include pharmacotherapy, e. g. benzodiazepine anxiolytics. Their dosage and duration of admission depends on the attending physician. It’s worth adding, however, that the use of pharmacological agents cannot replace psychotherapy, but it’s only an important addition to supporting the Healing process.
Also, don’t take any neuroleptic on your own, because it can threaten with serious consequences, including addiction. It also doesn’t hurt to support pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy with natural herbal drinking infusions with a calming effect. Lemon balm works great in this role. Long-term and regular psychotherapy usually brings expected and positive results. After some time, the patient stops experiencing anxiety as much as before, and even completely deprives himself of attacks.